Diabetes is on the rise among Indian population and is considered as bad as an epidemic. So, if your blood report says that you too have diabetes, you ...
1. If your toes are always cold-Cold Feet. One reason could be poor blood flow - a circulatory problem sometimes linked to smoking, high B.P. nerve damage due to diabetes or heart disease besides hypothyroidism and anaemia.
2. Foot Pain- The possible reason why feet ache after a long day could be a too intense exercise particularly running. Also, weakened bones due to osteoporosis increases the risk.
3. If the toes to turn white, then bluish, and then redden again and return to their natural tone - Red, White, and Blue Toes. Also called Raynaud's disease can be caused by a sudden narrowing of the arteries, called vasospasms. Stress or changes in temperature can trigger vasospasms. It may also be related to rheumatoid arthritis or thyroid problems.
4. If you walk with a wider gait or slight foot dragging- Dragging Feet.This may be caused due to the slow loss of normal sensation in your feet, brought on by peripheral nerve damage which may be linked to diabetes. Nerve damage also can be due to infection, vitamin deficiency, and alcoholism.
5. The nails are more rounded on top and curve downward - Clubbed Toes. Usually caused due to Lung disease, heart disease, liver and digestive disorders, or certain infections. Sometimes, hereditary with no underlying disease.
6. Visible swelling in feet associated with little or no pain- Swollen Feet. Temporary conditions may be caused by standing too long or a long flight - especially if you are pregnant or overweight. Feet that stay swollen for a longer duration can be caused by poor circulation, blood clot or a kidney or thyroid disorder.
7. A burning sensation in the feet - Burning Feet. This could be due to peripheral nerve damage due to diabetes, vitamin B deficiency, athlete's foot, chronic kidney disease, poor circulation in the legs and feet (peripheral arterial disease), or hypothyroidism.
8. Foot sores that take too long to heal or do not heal- Sores That Don't Heal. This may be due to Diabetes which can impair sensation in the feet, circulation, and normal wound healing and such sores also are prone to infection. Diabetics should take extra care of their feet and keep a check on any wounds.
9. Sudden pain in the big toe joint, along with redness and swelling - Pain in the Big Toe.This may be due to gout or a complication of arthritis where a bone spur develops. Also, turf toe in case of athletes who play on hard surfaces could be caused due to an injury to ligaments surrounding the joint.
10. If it pains like walking on a marble or if pain burns in the ball of your foot and radiates to the toes -Pain in the Smaller Toes May be due to Morton's neuroma, a thickening of tissue around a nerve, usually between the third and fourth toes. It is eight to 10 times more common in women than in men. It is caused by injury or too much pressure on the toes.
11. Itchy, scaly skin - Itchy Feet. This may be athlete's foot, a common fungal infection or contact dermatitis caused due to reaction to chemicals or skin care products which can cause itching along with redness and dry patches.
12. A sudden, sharp pain in the foot - Foot Spasms. A muscle spasm or cramp may last few minutes. This is mainly due to overwork, muscle fatigue or poor circulation, dehydration, or imbalances in potassium, magnesium, calcium, or vitamin D levels in the body. The changing hormone levels of pregnancy or thyroid disorders also have a significant role. Physiotherapy with strengthening exercises can help with muscle fatigue.
13. Unusual dark Spot on the Foot-Melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer, can develop in areas that are not regularly exposed to the sun, example beneath the nail.
14. Yellow Toenails. Thickened yellow toenails could be due to fungal infection or diseases like lymphedema (swelling related to the lymphatic system), lung problems, psoriasis, or rheumatoid arthritis.
15. Spoon-shaped Toenails- This could be caused by an injury to the nail or iron deficiency
16. Whiteness in the nails - White Nails. This could be the result of an injury to the nail or illness and may be due to an injury, nail infection, or psoriasis. If the nail is intact and it's major portion is white, it may be a sign of a liver disease, congestive heart failure, or kidney disease.
17. A sharp pain in your heel (or heels) that's at its worst when you get out of bed- heel pain.
Other Medical problems related to Feet's
This is caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot from the heel to the toes.
Treatment - Wear structured shoes. Look for pairs that support the arches and enclose the heels. Avoid going barefoot or wearing ballet flats or flip-flops.
Stretch your Achilles tendons in the morning. The plantar fascia is in a relaxed position when you're sleeping, then it gets a jolt of tension when you put weight on it. So before hopping out of bed, wrap a towel or a T-shirt around your feet and pull the toes back to stretch the tendons.
To reduce swelling, fill a plastic bottle with water, freeze it, and roll a plastic bottle freezed after filling with water, under your foot for a few minutes to soothe the pain.
A throbbing sensation, usually on the side of a big toe, usually looks red and swollen-
This often occurs when the nail edge grows sideways into the skin of the toe. The pressure on the nail jabs into the surrounding skin, causing discomfort.
Treatment - Wear pointy-toed shoes infrequently. And if you'll be walking a lot, carry them and wear shoes with roomy toe boxes until you reach your destination.
Keep feet well moisturized. When the skin on your toes gets inflamed, a callus can develop, causing more pressure on the ingrown nail. Keeping skin soft helps alleviate this problem.
Cut toenails straight across & don't file the corners down. Digging around the nail and trying to cut out the ingrown part can lead to more irritation.
A bump, usually on the back of a heel
This condition can occur when you have a genetically enlarged heel bone.
Treatment - Switch to shoes with open backs (or at least with more give) until the irritation subsides.
Use a donut pad. Try Callus Cushion over the bursa to alleviate pressure. Ice the area at the end of the day to soothe the inflammation.
A tender area, often on the front part of the foot, at the second or third metatarsal (the metatarsals are the long bones in the midfoot)-
Repetitive stress on a bone, like walking or running on hard surfaces, especially in shoes that aren't designed to absorb shocks. High heels's tilt distributes your weight over your foot unevenly and a culprit for stress fractures in women.
Treatment - See a doctor no matter what. A podiatrist will give you a surgical shoe to wear as you heal (it has a hard bottom that doesn't allow the affected bones to bend) or advise you to wear some other kind of rigid shoes.
Slow down. Stress fractures take four to eight weeks to heal. You'll need to limit walking during that time.
Prevent recurrences. Maintain a healthy weight and wear supportive, well-cushioned shoes.
Sensitive, protruding bumps, typically at the heads of the big-toe joints
Bunions are thought to be hereditary, and you can develop them if you have low arches or if you your feet roll inward. Wearing shoes with narrow, pointy toes and high heels can speed their progression.
Treatment - Choose the right shoes. Specifically, pick pairs with a wide toe box and a low heel.
Try gel pads. Place them over the bunions to help cushion the areas and reduce pain.
A shooting pain in the ball of the foot -
Pressure on the nerve tissue in the underside of the foot, usually between two adjacent metatarsals. This pressure irritates the nerves, and the area swells.
Treatment - Wear shoes with a wide toe box. And stick to those with low heels. Use anti-inflammatories like ibuprofen