PAINFUL - Common Aches and Pains By VieFit Sutra


Sprains and Strains

A sprain is an injury to a ligament (tissue that connects two or more bones at a joint). When a sprain happens, one or more ligaments is stretched or torn. Both cause swelling and inflammation. Sprains can give you bruises. Strains may trigger muscle spasms.

The symptoms of a sprain include: pain, swelling, bruising, and not being able to use the joint.

In addition to pain, the symptoms of a strain include: muscle spasms, swelling, cramping, and trouble moving.

Treatments for sprains and strains are the same. To reduce swelling and pain in the first day or two, doctors usually say to:

Rest the injured area. If the ankle or knee is hurt, your doctor may tell you to use crutches or a cane.

  • Put ice on the injury for 20 minutes 4 to 8 times a day.

  • Use the RICE method for early treatment -- rest, ice, compression, and elevation.

  • Take an over-the-counter (OTC) pain reliever like aspirin, Ibuprofen.

  • Compress (squeeze) the injury using special bandages, casts, boots, or splints. Your doctor will tell you which one is best for you and how tight it should be.

  • Put the injured ankle, knee, elbow, or wrist up on a pillow.

 

After treating pain and swelling, your doctor may tell you to exercise the injured area. This helps to prevent stiffness and increase strength. In addition, you may need physical therapy. If you begin physical activities too soon, you can injure the area again.

 

Tension Headache

This common type of headache feels like a band is squeezing your head.

  • OTC painkillers

  • Rest

  • Drinking water will often do the trick

  • Keep away from screen

  • Try to meditate

Your headache should go away within hours, but it could last a couple of days. Plenty of rest, proper massage, less stress, and lots of fluids (without caffeine) may help you avoid one.

 

Migraine

Throbbing pain in the front or side of your head can put a hold on your daily activities. You might feel sick to your stomach, be sensitive to light, or have other symptoms.

  • Find somewhere dark and quiet to rest.

  • An ice pack may numb pain; a heating pad can relax tense muscles.

  • An OTC pain reliever may help if you catch a migraine early.

  • Try to involve yourself in activities you love other than screen activities.

  • Smelling caffeine also helps sometimes.

  • Make sure you have plenty of fluids.

Some people need a prescription to treat or prevent them.

Neck Pain

Your neck is less protected than the rest of your spine, so it's vulnerable to sprains and strains. Those pains are usually temporary, and often, you won't need a doctor. Regular wear and tear, such as the disks breaking down, can also hurt. Good posture helps prevent pain. Lie down on a flat hard bed

Back Pain

As you age, it becomes more common. Back pain can be dull or sharp and last months at a time. Being overweight and lifting something the wrong way can cause it. Diseases including arthritis and cancer can affect your back and spine, and your genes can play a role, too. Treatments for most types of back pain include

  • OTC medications,

  • Hot and cold packs

  • Exercise, yoga, and massage.

  • Lying straight on good mattresses also help.

  • Make sure your working chair provides you good posture.



Tendinitis and Bursitis

These are swelling around a muscle or bone, usually brought on by the overuse or injury of a joint, like your ankle, elbow, knee, hip, shoulder, or wrist. Treat these with RICE, too. Call your doctor if the pain and swelling are bad, get worse, or if there's any redness or warmth.

 

Stomach-ache

It could be for a number of reasons, including indigestion, gas, and constipation. OTC medicines may help a tummy ache or upset stomach feel better until it passes. Drink Apple cider vinegar, Ginger tea. Call your doctor if the pain is sudden and severe, lasts for days, or if you're vomiting blood, have bloody stool, or notice any other unusual symptoms.



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